Exercise is any physical activity that improves or at least maintains health and physical fitness. It should be performed in moderation and with a good goal in mind. It is a healthy way to lose weight, keep healthy and fit and improve the health of your heart. Exercise can also make a person more energetic and help them remain focused. This article will give you some tips on how to exercise effectively.
The best type of exercise to increase strength and endurance is cardiovascular activity. You can choose to jog, swim, cycle, hike, play sports like tennis, basketball, football etc and use any other activity to increase your muscle strength. Cardiovascular exercise is the most common form of exercise and makes use of large muscles that helps in burning energy and boosting endurance.
Resistance training is an effective exercise that makes use of free weights or machines for targeting specific muscles as well as joints. It increases the overall physical fitness. To perform resistance training, you need to perform cardio-vascular exercises, stretching before the exercise, warm up exercises and cool down exercises after the exercise. The resistance training also helps you to lose fat or maintain your current weight.
Endurance is related to muscular power but not strictly speaking is it a measure of physical strength. It is related to the ability to sustain or maintain a given level of expenditure over a period of time. It helps in improving muscle power and decreasing body fat. Endurance activities make use of the large muscles and involves a balanced combination of strength and endurance. These activities increase the metabolic rate and thereby reduce fat. They also involve adaptive changes in skeletal muscle physiology, enhancing strength and increasing endurance.
Flexibility exercises are used for increasing the range of motion of joints and the muscles involved in joints. This type of physical exercise is very useful in relieving tension and stress and improving joint mobility. Most people who have weak hip flexors or problems with their back do not perform flexibility exercises. Activities such as stair climbing, swimming, dancing and cycling require a lot of leg strength and so most people neglect the muscles in their legs.
Aerobic exercise or physical exercise is defined as the process of using up oxygen that is carried by hemoglobin in the blood to deliver energy to working muscles for short distances. Exercise in all forms increases heart rate and improves the nervous system, whereas sedentary people have a low cardiac output and are inactive. This results in low levels of oxygen in the blood and the brain. The result is that people who do not exercise are more likely to die sooner than those who engage in regular physical activity. Thus, it is essential that everyone gets at least thirty minutes of cardiovascular exercise daily.